Location: 709 Chestnut Street, St. Louis, Missouri, USA
Architect: Louis Sullivan and Dankmar Adler
Height: 44.81 meters / 147 feet
About the Wainwright Building:Named after Missouri brewer Ellis Wainwright, the Wainwright Building revolutionized American architecture. To empathize the height, architect Louis Sullivan used a three-part composition:
- The first two stories are unornamented brown sandstone with large, deep windows.
- Uninterrupted red brick piers extend through the next seven stories. Between the piers are horizontal panels decorated with leaf ornaments.
- The top story is decorated with round windows and terra cotta leaf scroll ornaments inspired by the Notre-Dame de Reims in France.
In his essay The Tyranny of the Skyscraper, Architect Frank Lloyd Wright called the Wainwright Building "the very first human expression of a tall steel office-building as Architecture."Learn More: