- Located in the American South, Southwest, and California
- One story
- Flat roof, or roof with a low pitch
- Earth, thatch, or clay tile roof covering
- Thick walls made with rocks, coquina, or adobe brick coated with stucco
- Several exterior doors
- Small windows, originally without glass
- Wooden or wrought iron bars across the windows
- Interior shutters
- Second story with recessed porches and balconies
- Interior courtyards
- Carved wooden brackets and balustrades
- Double hung sash windows
- Dentil moldings and other Greek Revival details
During the 20th century, a variety of Spanish house styles borrowed ideas from Spanish Colonial architecture. Spanish Revival, Mission, and Neo-Mediterranean homes often have details inspired by the Colonial past.
The Historic González-Alvarez House in St. AugustineThe González-Alvarez House shown here is located in St. Augustine, Florida. Founded in 1565 by the Spanish conquistador Pedro Menendez de Aviles, St. Augustine is the oldest continually inhabited European settlement in the U.S.
The first houses in St. Augustine were made of wood with palm thatching. None of these survived. The González-Alvarez House we see today has been remodeled. When it was built in the early 1700s, the González-Alvarez House probably had one story and a flat roof.
Like many Spanish Colonial buildings in St. Augustine, Florida, the González-Alvarez House is made using coquina, a sedimentary rock composed of shell fragments.