In England, Arts & Crafts architects lavished their attention on handcrafted details using wood, stone, and other materials drawn from nature. Inspired by the British movement led by William Morris, American designers Charles Sumner Greene and Henry Mather Green designed simple wooden houses with Arts & Crafts flourishes. The idea spread across America when furniture designer Gustav Stickley published house plans in his magazine called Craftsman. Soon the word "Craftsman" became synonymous with Arts & Crafts, and the Craftsman Bungalow became one of the most popular housing types in the USA.
Arts and Crafts details combined with Hispanic ideas to create the classic California Bungalow. Sturdy and simple, these comfortable homes are known for their sloping roofs, big porches, and sturdy beams and pillars.
You'll know a Chicago Bungalow by the solid brick construction and the large, front-facing roof dormer. Although designed for working class families, bungalows built in and near Chicago, Illinois have many of the lovely Craftsman details that you find in other parts of the USA.
Not all bungalows are rustic and informal! During the early 20th century, some builders combined two very popular styles to create a hybrid: the Colonial Revival Bungalow. These small houses have the simplicity and practicality of an American Bungalow and the elegant detailing found on much larger Colonial Revival style homes.
With a broad front gable and highly decorative woodwork, these charming California bungalows have a European air.
While an Arts & Crafts Bungalow celebrates natural materials and hand craftsmanship, bungalows in the Art Moderne style look forward to the future. Factory-made materials take on sleek, streamline forms.
The list doesn't stop here! A bungalow can also be a log cabin, a Tudor cottage, a Cape Cod, or any number of distinct housing styles. Many newer homes are being built in the bungalow style. Browse our photo gallery to see bungalow pictures submitted by our readers. To learn more, see the comprehensive guide, American Bungalow Style (compare prices), written by Robert Winter with photographs Alexander Vertikoff.
The articles and photos you see on the architecture pages at About.com are copyrighted. You may link to them, but do not copy them in a blog, web page, or print publication without permission. Request Reprint Permission