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US Supreme Court Building by Cass Gilbert

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The US Supreme Court Building
US Supreme Court in Washington DC

US Supreme Court in Washington DC

Photo © VisionsofAmerica/Joe Sohm, Getty Images
Built 1932 - 1935
Cass Gilbert, architect

The Supreme Court had no permanent home until Cass Gilbert's building was completed in 1935—a full 146 years after the Court was established by the 1789 ratification of the US Constitution.

Architect Cass Gilbert is often praised for pioneering the skyscraper, yet he looked back to ancient Rome when he designed the US Supreme Court Building. The Neoclassical style was chosen to reflect democratic ideals. Its sculpted pediments tell allegories of justice and mercy. Ironically, Gilbert's friendship with fascist dictator Benito Mussolini helped him obtain the marble used for the interior columns.

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