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The Taj Mahal

World Wonder in Agra, India


Built in 1648, the Taj Mahal in Agra, India is a masterpiece of Muslim architecture, but its future is uncertain.
The grand marble Taj Mahal in Agra, India

The grand marble Taj Mahal in Agra, India

Press photo © 2000-2006 NewOpenWorld Foundation

About the Taj Mahal

Some 20,000 workers spent twenty-two years constructing the glistening white Taj Mahal. Made entirely of marble, the structure was designed as a mausoleum for a favorite wife of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. Mughal architecture is characterized by harmony, balance, and geometry. Beautifully symmetrical, each element of the Taj Mahal is independent, yet perfectly integrated with the structure as a whole. The master architect was Ustad Isa.

A masterpiece of Muslim architecture, the Taj Mahal is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In 2007, the Taj Mahal was also named one of the New 7 Wonders of the World.

Taj Mahal Collapse

The Taj Mahal is one of many famous monuments on the World Monuments Fund's Watch List, which documents endangered landmarks. Pollution and environmental changes have jeopardized the wooden foundation of the Taj Mahal. Professor Ram Nath, an expert on the building, tells reporters that unless the foundation is repaired, the Taj Mahal will collapse in a few years.

Taj Mahal Facts

  • Top Dome - 213 feet high
  • Minarets - 162.5 feet high
  • Platform - 186 feet by 186 feet
  • Cost To Build - 32 Million Rupees

Learn More

For Collectors: LEGO Taj Mahal Collectible Construction Set (compare prices)

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