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World War II Memorial in Washington, D.C.

Celebrating the Greatest Generation

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The WWII Memorial on the National Mall is located opposite the Lincoln Memorial, overlooking the Reflecting Pool. Find more facts below.
Photo of the World War II memorial by Friedrich St.Florian near the Lincoln Memorial reflecting pool

The World War II Memorial, designed by Friedrich St. Florian, near the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, DC

Photo by Mark Wilson / Getty Images ©2004 Getty Images

The world was in turmoil between 1939 and 1945. The United States resisted entering this world of war until 1941 when Pearl Harbor, Hawaii was bombed by the Japanese. America became involved not only defending its Pacific territories, but also its Atlantic allies in Europe. Architect St.Florian memorialized both war operations—Atlantic and Pacific—with two dominating forty-three foot tall pavilions.

About the WWII Memorial:

Design Architect: Friedrich St.Florian, Providence, Rhode Island
Dedicated: May 29, 2004
Location: Washington, D.C. Constitution Gardens area of the National Mall, in the vacinity of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial and the Korean War Veterans Memorial
Map: PDF Map from the National Park Service
Construction Materials:
Granite—approximately 17,000 individual stones from South Carolina, Georgia, Brazil, North Carolina, and California
Bronze sculpting
Stainless steel stars
Symbolism of Stars: 4,048 gold stars, each symbolize 100 American military dead and missing, representing more than 400,000 of the 16 million who served
Symbolism of Granite Columns: 56 individual pillars, each represent a state or territory of the U.S. during World War II; each pillar has two wreaths, a wheat wreath representing agriculture and an oak wreath symbolizing industry
About the Architect: "Friedrich St.Florian's winning design balances classical and modernist styles of architecture..." states the National Park Service website, "and celebrates the victory of the greatest generation."

Learn More from Multimedia:

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was designed by an Austria-born architect? Find out more. >>>

Sources: Frequently Asked Questions, History & Culture, National Park Service Website. NPS website accessed November 18, 2012.

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