A new breed of designers, the Modernists, rebelled against the concept of furniture that was merely decorative. Modernists created sleek, impersonal furniture that was designed to fit in many situations.
Technology was key for the Modernists. Followers of the Bauhaus School saw the machine as an extension of the hand. In fact, even though the early Bauhaus furniture was handmade, it was designed to suggest industrial production.
Shown here is the "Tulip Chair" designed in 1956 by the Finnish-born architect, Eero Saarinen and originally manufactured by Knoll Associates. Made of fiberglass-reinforced resin, the seat of the Tulip Chair rests on a single leg. Although appearing to be a single piece of molded plastic, the pedestal leg is actually an aluminum shaft with a plastic finish. An armchair version with various colored seats is also available.
View the patent sketches by Eero Saarinen >>>
Source: The Museum of Modern Art, MoMA Highlights, New York: The Museum of Modern Art, revised 2004, originally published 1999, p. 220 (online)