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Santiago Calatrava, Architect and Engineer

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Santiago Calatrava

Santiago Calatrava, 2004

Photo © Stephen Chernin/Getty Images
Famous for his bridges and train stations, Spanish modernist Santiago Calatrava combines artistry with engineering. His graceful, organic structures have been compared to the works of Antonio Gaudí.

Born:

July 28, 1951 in Valencia, Spain

Education:

  • 1975: Completed undergraduate studies at the Valencia Arts School and the Valencia Architecture School
  • 1981: Completed graduate work in civil engineering at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich, Switzerland. Doctoral thesis: On the Foldability of Space Frames

Important Projects:

Proposed and Under Construction:

  • World Trade Center Transportation Hub, proposed for New York City
  • Yuan Ze University Project, Taiwan, building complex (Performing Arts Center, Art and Design school, and the Y.Z. Hsu Memorial Hall)

Important Awards:

  • 1992: London Institution of Structural Engineers Gold Medal
  • 1993: Toronto Municipality Urban Design Award
  • 1996: Gold Medal for Excellence in the Fine Arts from the Granada Ministry of Culture
  • 1999: Prince of Asturias Award in Arts
  • 2005: AIA Gold Medal
  • 2007: Spanish National Architecture Award

More About Santiago Calatrava:

Architect, engineer, and sculptor, Santiago Calatrava received an AIA commemorative gold medallion in 2012 as one of the 15 Architects of Healing for his transportation hub design, a new train and subway station at the World Trade Center site in New York City. Calling Calatrava's work "open and organic," the New York Times said that the new terminal will evoke the kind of uplifting spirituality that is needed on Ground Zero. However, reconstruction plans in New York have undergone so many revisions, much of Calatrava's original vision has been lost.

Read More: Santiago Calatrava, from the Canary Islands to Manhattan Island by Fred A. Bernstein, published in The New York Times, October 26, 2003

Sources:

  • Santiago Calatrava
    Unofficial Web site devoted to the works of the contemporary engineer-architect. Facts, photos, guest book, and bookstore.
  • Santiago Calatrava Official Site
    The official Web site for the architecture of Calatrava, with portfolio, biography, and spiffy but slow-loading graphics.(Requires Flash Player 9.)
  • Transit Hub Design May Be Simplified
    Analysis of plans for reconstruction in New York City, from the New York Times.
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