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Ephesus, The Ancient Library of Celsus

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Grand Entrances at the Library of Celsus
Entrance to the Celsus Library in Ephesus, Turkey

Entrance to the Celsus Library in Ephesus, Turkey

Photo © Jackie Craven
On each side of the staircase at the grand library in Ephesus, Greek and Latin letters describe the life of Celsus. Along the outer wall, four recesses contain female statues representing wisdom (sophia), knowledge (episteme), intelligence (ennoia) and virtue (arete). These statues are copies; the originals were taken to Vienna when the library was excavated.

The center door is taller and wider than the other two.

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