The idea of decorating buildings with a timepiece goes back a long way, says Dr. Jiøí (Jiri) Podolský, from Charles University in Prague.
- The square, lion-flanked tower in Padua, Italy was built in 1344.
- The original Strasbourg clock, with angels, hour glasses, and crowing roosters, was built in 1354.
Prague: Home to the Astronomical ClockPrague, capital of the Czech Republic, is a crazy quilt of architectural styles. Gothic cathedrals soar over Romanesque churches. Art Nouveau facades nestle alongside Cubist buildings. And, in every part of the city are clock towers.
The oldest and most celebrated clock is on the side wall of the Old Town Hall. With glittering hands and a complex series of filigreed wheels, this ornamental timepiece doesn't merely mark the hours. Symbols of the zodiac tell the course of the heavens. When the bell tolls, windows fly open and mechanical apostles, skeletons, and "sinners" begin a ritualistic dance of destiny.
The irony of the Prague Astronomical Clock is that for all its mastery at keeping time, it is nearly impossible to place in time.
Chronology of the Prague ClockDr. Podolský thinks the original clock tower in Prague was built in about 1410. It was an austere structure back then, and the clock showed only astronomical data. Later, in 1490, the tower facade was decorated with flamboyant Gothic sculptures and a golden astronomical dial.
Then, in the 1600s, came the mechanical figure of Death, leering and tolling the great bell.
The mid-1800's brought still more additions: wooden carvings of the twelve apostles and a calendar disk with astrological signs.
Stories About Prague's ClockEverything in Prague has a story, and so it is with the Old Town clock. Natives claim that when the mechanical figures were created, town officials had the clockmaker blinded so that he would never duplicate his masterpiece.
In vengeance, the blind man climbed the tower and stopped his creation. The clock remained silent for more than fifty years. Centuries later, during dreary decades of communist domination, the legend of the blinded clockmaker became a Metaphor for thwarted creativity.
When Clocks Become ArchitectureWhy do we turn timepieces into architectural monuments?
Perhaps, as Dr. Podolský suggests, builders of early clock towers wanted to show their respect for the heavenly order. Or, perhaps the idea runs even deeper. Was there ever an era when humans didn't build great structures to mark the passage of time?
Just look at Stonehenge! Now that's an old clock.